Ethnic profiling is a phenomenon which is present in other European countries. As there are no statistics on the amount of police checks conducted on the basis of ascribed ethnicity, the scope of the phenomenon is hard to ascertain. The United Kingdom is the only country which systematically collects information regarding the reason for police checks. Discriminatory police checks are also carried out in France. Spain expanded its use of police checks in the wake of the terrorist attacks in Madrid, and employs ethnic profiling as the primary means of preventing illegal entry into the country.